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Cricket World Cup History

by on December 28, 2010
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World Cup 1975

Cricket World Cup 1975-Cricket History

The dawn of 1975 brought the introduction of Cricket World Cup to the cricket fans around the globe. The official name of the first world cup was Prudential Cup (as it was sponsored by Prudential Assurance Co), which was held from June 7, 1975 to June 17, 1975 in England. Eight countries participated of which 6 countries were test playing nations. Australia, England, India, New Zealand, Pakistan & West Indies were the test playing countries while Sri Lanka & East Africa was not given the test cap at that time. The tournament was divided into two groups each having four nations. Top two teams from each group played the semis and the semi final winners subsequently played the final. Unlike the current system of  ODIs of 40 overs, the world cup match was of 60 overs with conventional white kit and red ball. Final o the World Cup 1975 was played between Australia and West Indies under the captaincy of Clive Lloyd at the historical ground of Lords, England. West Indies beat Australia by 17 runs and lifted up the First Cricket World Cup trophy of 1975. The concept of Man of the Series was not introduced in those days, so there was no Man of the Series. West Indies under the captaincy of Clive Lloyd came out the winner of First Cricket World Cup.

Cricket World Cup 1979-Cricket History

History repeated itself as West Indies did it again at Lords, England. The second Cricket World Cup was again lofted up by Clive Lloyd by thrashing England on 194 runs; West Indies scored 286 for 9 wickets. Yet again the format of the tournament was the same as of 1975 World Cup Cricket with eight teams playing in a set of four countries in two groups. The top two winners from each group marched into the semi finals and from there onwards the winners of semis moved into the grand finale, the final. There was no Man of the Series in 1979 world cup as well.

The Cricket World Cup 1979 (Prudential World Cup1979) matches were also of 60 overs in traditional white kits and red ball. Australia, India, England, New Zealand, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, East Africa and West Indies were the participants who played against each other during June 9-23, 1979 in England. West Indian Cricket Team of the 1970s and early 80s was probably the best Cricket Team Ever. So much so that a lot of Cricket Fans believed that West Indies Cricket Team will win the World Cup before even the tournament started. 1975 and 1979 Cricket world cups were among the first few One Day Cricket tournaments, which actually paved the way to the sport’s popularity in next decades.

World Cup Cricket 1983-Cricket History

Cricket World Cup 1983 (Prudential Cup 1983) was the third consecutive for England as a host where India won laurels by clutching the first World Cup trophy to the Sub Continent. India annihilated the dream of West Indies of winning the cup third time in a row. Kapel Dev’s  India beat West Indies at Lords, England by 43 runs where India scored 184 all out in 54.5 overs, Windies in the chase were all down on 140 in 52 overs. Superb bowling skills were delivered by the Indian bowlers smashed the world class batting of West Indies, where Mohinder Amarnath was awarded as ‘Man of the Match.’ There was no ‘Man of the Series’ in 1983 world cup. There were eight nations battled against each other on the English soil. Australia, West Indies, India, New Zealand, England, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Zimbabwe were the participant nations. East Africa was replaced by Zimbabwe and did not take part in Third Cricket World Cup 1983. The matches were still of 60 overs with white kit and red ball. This world cup Cricket, the third world cup was a special one. This was the first World Cup won by a team other than West Indies. West Indian Cricket Team were the strongest team in the first three World Cups.

Cricket World Cup 1987-Cricket History

The Sub Continent (India and Pakistan) was honoured to host the fourth Cricket World Cup (Reliance World Cup 1987), which was the first ever to be held outside England. The tournament was limited to today’s standard of 50 overs from previously played 60 overs. However; the overall format remained the same as of 1983 World Cup. India hosted 17 matches at 14 stadiums while Pakistan hosted 10 matches at 7 stadiums. Eight nations participated in the event in groups of two having four countries in each group.

Group A included:

Australia

Zimbabwe

India

New Zealand

Group B included

England

Pakistan

Sri Lanka

West Indies

The Eden Gardens Calcutta, India has seen the most nerve-wrecking final ever in the history of Cricket world Cup between Australia and its arch rival England. Under the captaincy of Allen Border, Aussies beat the English by 7 runs. David Boon was awarded Man of the Match. West Indies failed to perform well as they did not even qualify for the semis. Hopes of Pakistanis and Indians were conked out to see a final between India and Pakistan due to poor performance of both the teams in semi finals. Pakistan lost the semi final of 1987 Cricket World Cup to Australia. Indian Cricket Team lost to England.

Cricket World Cup 1992- Cricket history

It was a once in life time chance and Pakistan ruled the Cricket World Cup 1992 by defeating England by 22 runs at Melbourne Cricket Ground, Australia. The sturdy performance of Javed Miandad and skipper Imran Khan with bat and magical bowling of Waseem Akram and Aqib Javed turned tables in favor of Pakistan. Waseem Akram was declared ‘Man of the Match.’ It was a dream come true for Pakistanis. Pakistan came from the down and out situation under Imran Khan’s captaincy to claim the title. 

Australia and New Zealand hosted the fifth Cricket World Cup (Benson and Hedges World CUP 1992) from February 22, 1992 to March 25, 1992. Colored Kits and white balls were introduced alongwith black sightscreens. Whereas, several world cup matches were played under the floodlights. In case of rain affected matches, the rules were changed for the calculating of target score for the chasing  batting line, which remained controversial throughout the tournament especially the semi final played between South Africa and England where South Africa despite good scoring faced sudden death to this rule and England marched into the final. South Africa was allowed to play its first World Cup after the Apartheid. Nine countries participated which include Australia, India, England, New Zealand, South Africa, Zimbabwe, West Indies Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

Cricket World Cup 1996-Cricket history 

India and Pakistan hosted the sixth Cricket World Cup (Wills World Cup 1996) second time alongwith Sri Lanka, which not only participated as host but also won the Cricket World Cup 1996. Srilanka beat Australia by 7 wickets at Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore, Pakistan. Aussies gave a target of 247 in 50 overs on the loss of 7 wickets, which was achieved by Srilanka in 46.2 overs with three wickets down. Aravinda de Silva’s match winning performance led Srilanka to win the title. Aravinda de Silva was awarded Man of the Match on his outstanding 107 with bat and 3 wickets on 42 runs with ball.Sanath Jayasurya was declared as ‘Man of the Series.’

The tournament was played at 37 different venues in Pakistan, India and Srilanka during February 14, 1996 and March 17, 1996. Furthermore, The number of participating nations increased from 9 to 12 as U.A.E, Kenya and Netherlands debuted in 1996 Cricket World Cup.

Group A consisted of

  • Australia
  • India
  • West Indies
  • Sri Lanka
  • Zimbabwe
  • Kenya

While Group B comprised of

  • South Africa
  • Pakistan
  • England
  • New Zealand
  • U.A.E
  • Netherlands
Final match of this Cricket World Cup was played in Lahore, at Qaddafi Stadium. Final Match was played between Sri lanka and Australia. It was a unique phenomenon that although home team was not playing, the stadium was full to capacity with almost 100% public support for Sri lanka.  Srilanka became the World Champion of Cricket in 1996.
Cricket World Cup 1999-Cricket history
Inzamamul Haq’s dreams of winning the final at Lords, England went in drain when Pakistan lost against Australia by 8 wickets. Shane Warne was awarded as ‘Player of the Match’ on his excellent bowling figures of 4 for 33 whereas Lance Klusener was declared as the ‘Player of the Series.’ Despite higher expectations, the final match was pretty much one sided, in favour of Australian Cricket Team. The Cricket World Cup 1999 was primarily hosted by England from May 14, 1999 to June 20, 1999 where some matches were even played in Ireland, Scotland, Wales and Netherland. There were 12 participant, which are Australia, England, India, Pakistan, South Africa, New Zealand, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Kenya, West Indies Zimbabwe and Scotland. Bangladesh and Scotland debuted in 1999 Cricket World Cup. The concept of Super Six was introduced for the first time. The 12 teams were divided into two groups. The top three teams from each group qualified for the Super Sixes where the Group A qualifiers played with Group B qualifiers. The points held by each team were also carried forward in Super Six in order to support their Points Table standing. The top four teams from the Super Six faced each other in the Semi Finals. The white ‘Duke’ (controversial cricket ball) was also introduced for the first time in 1999 Cricket World Cup.
Cricket World Cup 2003-Cricket history
Africa remained fortunate to host the eight Cricket World Cup 2003 (ICC Cricket World Cup 2003) as the tournament was played in South Africa, Zimbabwe and Kenya from February 9, 2003 to March 24, 2003. Fourteen teams participated which include Australia, India, Zimbabwe, England, Pakistan, Netherlands, Namibia from Pool A and Srilanka, Kenya, New Zealand, South Africa, West Indies, Canada and Bangladesh from Pool B. The tournament followed the format of Super-Six in order to qualify for the semi finals and then final. Australia dazzled throughout the tournament and won the final by convincing 125 runs, snatching the hopes of India to lift the trophy back home. The final between india and Australia was played in Johannesburg, South Africa’s Wanderers Stadium. Although India won the toss, the wrong decision to bat second by Skipper Saurav Ganguly left India in troubled waters. Australia. Australia with only 2 wickets down, put a huge score of 359 runs wickets in front of India, which collapsed on 234 in 39.4 overs. Captain Ricky Ponting was awarded’ Player of the Match’. 8th World Cup Cricket, the 2003 Cricket World Cup was the third World Cup victory for Australia over all, and second in a row. This decade was totally dominated in Cricket scenario by the Australian Cricket Team under the captaincy of Ricky Ponting.
Cricket World Cup 2007-Cricket history 
The winds of Caribbean welcomed the Cricket fans to West Indies where the ninth Cricket World Cup was played during March 13 2003 and April 28, 2003.  Sixteen teams battled against each other for the cup in group of 4, each group had 4 teams.  The top 2 winners from each group advanced to Super-8s and from there onwards the top four teams played the semi finals. Australia South Africa, Netherlands, Scotland, Srilanka, Bangladesh, India Bermuda, New Zealand, England, Kenya, Canada, West Indies, Ireland, Pakistan and Zimbabwe were the participants. The final was played between Australia and Srilanka at Kensington Oval, Bridgetown, Barbados. Srilanka lost to Australia by 53 runs on Duckworth- Lewis Method as it was the first World Cup final, which was interrupted by rain before the game and the match was reduced to 38 overs for both the teams. As Srilanka came to bat, the rain interrupted again and the match was reduced to 36 overs for Srilanka. Adam Gilchrist was awarded as Player of the Match on his outstanding inning of 149 runs in just 104 balls. Looking at the World Cup Cricket history, it is very clear that Australia has dominated other nations. Australia has won 3 ODI Cricket World Cups in a row and for their 34 matches unbeaten streak, they were called as invincible.
Cricket World Cup 2011-Cricket History
10th Cricket World Cup, the 2011 Cricket World Cup was played in South Asia (India, Bangladesh, Sri lanka). Final of the tournament was played between Indian Cricket Team and Srilankan Cricket Team. India came out as the winner of 10th ODI Cricket World Cup. Fourteen teams will take on each other in two groups.  Top four teams from each group will qualify for the quarter finals from there the top 4 winners will face each other in semi-finals. The winners of semi final will meet each other in the grand finale, the final of 2011 ICC Cricket World Cup. The Final will be played in Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai India. Participating nations include Australia, Canada, Kenya, New Zealand, Pakistan, Srilanka and Zimbabwe from Group A and Group B comprises of England, Bangladesh, India, Ireland, Netherlands, South Africa and West Indies.
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